The -ll- spellings are nevertheless nonetheless deemed acceptable variants by both Merriam-Webster Collegiate and American Heritage dictionaries. Both British and American English use the spelling -gue with a silent -ue for certain phrases that are not a part of the -ogue set, similar to tongue (cf. tong), plague, vague, and league. In addition, when the -ue is not silent, as in the phrases argue, ague and segue, all varieties of English use -gue. British and different Art Entertainment News Commonwealth English use the ending -logue whereas American English generally uses the ending -log for words like analog, catalog, dialog, homolog, and so forth. The -gue spelling, as in catalogue, is used in the US, but catalog is more frequent. Words similar to demagogue, pedagogue, synagogue are seldom used with out -ue even in American English. Analyse was the extra frequent spelling in 17th- and 18th-century English.
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The Macquarie Dictionary also notes a growing tendency towards changing ae and oe with e worldwide and aside from manoeuvre, all British or American spellings are acceptable variants. Elsewhere, the British usage prevails, but the spellings with simply e are increasingly used. Manoeuvre is the only spelling in Australia, and the commonest one in Canada, the place maneuver and manoeuver are additionally sometimes discovered. Words that may be spelled both way in British English embrace chamaeleon, encyclopaedia, homoeopathy, mediaeval (a minor variant in both AmE and BrE), foetid and foetus.
Some dictionaries of the time however most popular analyze, corresponding to John Kersey’s of 1702, Nathan Bailey’s of 1721 and Samuel Johnson’s of 1755. In Canada, -yze is most popular, however -yse can be very common. In South Africa, Australia and New Zealand, -yse is the prevailing kind.
The spellings foetus and foetal are Britishisms primarily based on a mistaken etymology. In some cases, phrases with “old-fashioned” spellings are retained extensively in the US for historical causes (cf. connexionalism). American English has saved the Anglo-French spelling for defense and offense, which are defence and offence in British English. Likewise, there are the American pretense and British pretence; but derivatives such as defensive, offensive, and pretension are always thus spelled in each techniques. The -re endings are mostly commonplace throughout the Commonwealth. The -er spellings are recognized as minor variants in Canada, partly due to United States affect.
However, targeted is the predominant spelling in each British and American English, focussed being just a minor variant in British English. The British English doubling is used for all inflections (-ed, -ing, -er, -est) and for the noun suffixes -er and -or. Therefore, British English utilization is cancelled, counsellor, cruellest, labelled, modelling, quarrelled, signalling, traveller, and travelling. Americans sometimes use canceled, counselor, cruelest, labeled, modeling, quarreled, signaling, traveler, and touring. Generally, this occurs solely when the word’s ultimate syllable is careworn and when it also ends with a lone vowel followed by a lone consonant. In British English, nonetheless, a last -l is commonly doubled even when the ultimate syllable is unstressed. This exception is now not usual in American English, seemingly due to Noah Webster.
The European Union’s style guides require the utilization of -ise. Publications by Oxford University Press ””corresponding to Henry Watson Fowler’s A Dictionary of Modern English Usage, Hart’s Rules, and The Oxford Guide to English Usage””also suggest -ize. However, Robert Allan’s Pocket Fowler’s Modern English Usage considers both spelling to be acceptable wherever but the U.S.